THE GOOD SHABBOS COMMUNITY

ENJOYING YOUR JEWISH HERITAGE THROUGH FOOD, FACTS AND FUN - SHABBAT SHALOM

 

 CHALLAH, WINE,  CANDLES , READ A LITTLE, TALK A LITTLE AND SING

TO ACT OR NOT TO ACT BLOG HOME WHY ABOUT US WHO FOR CONTACT WHERE LINKS FOOD FOR SHABBOS SHARING WHAT WE DO EACH SHABBOS SHABBOS LIGHT WEEKLY CONTENT SONGS - THE MUSIC
 

Sarah and Jacob - Parashat Lekh Lekha final

Abram and Sarai follow God's call to journey to Canaan, where the covenant between God and Abraham is affirmed. Abram, renamed Abraham, has a son with Hagar, Sarai's maid, and God promises that Sarai, renamed Sarah, will bear a son as well.   

 

God said to Abram, “Go forth from your homeland to the land that I shall show you. I will make of you a great nation and I will bless you and make your name great. I wish to bless those who bless you and curse those who curse you. All the families of the earth shall be blessed through you.”


God said to Abram, “You will have sons, but he who comes forth from your own inner parts shall be your heir.” He then led Abram outside, saying, "Look, please, toward the heavens and count the stars. So shall your seed be."

God said, “I wish to set My covenant between Me and you. You shall become a father of the multitude of the nations. I will make you exceedingly fruitful. Kings shall come forth from your nation. This
covenant will be for you and your descendants after you for all generations as an everlasting covenant.

But God said, “Not so, Sarah shall bear a son whom you shall name Isaac. With him will I uphold My covenant.

When God went away from Abraham, that very same day Abraham took his son Ishmael and all the male members of his household and servants. Abraham circumcised the flesh of their foreskins and his own.

 Commentary:

The elders of the tribe need to set out how the people will be organised and what their responsibilities are as individuals within the plan of God setting out his plan   to make a great nation of Abraham’s descendants and Jacob accepting the deal. The Parsha sets the scene for the establishment of the Jewish people through divine intervention. With almost total lack of understanding of the physical properties of the world and no real understanding of why things happen it was a useful suggestion that God was going to look after the Jewish people. This covenant or arrangement between Abraham and God is fundamental to the establishment of Judaism.  God was shown to be all powerful but effectively those who interpreted the power had the power. The circumcision rite was established as the covenant between  Jews and God and was established at the birth of the son and so set up the notion of the Chosen People.

The important word is the covenant – in return for the State taking care and responsibility of its citizens  and the exchange of individual actions for a state response.  Although crime does not appear in the parsha, the notion that society is protected by God easily morphs into the notion that ‘The people are protected by the State’. The covenant between God and the people is a great advance on the belief that there is a covenant between those praying to an idol and a stone idol giving a favorable response. It is too easy to say that you have prayed to the wrong idol.  It is often said that the great gift of the Jews was the idea that there was one God – only one. It was the basic idea of Jews, Christians and Moslems. Judaism assumes that an adult has to assume responsibility for his/her actions. Good and Evil are both options but we are advised to choose the Good, and face the consequences if we do not. There is no cop-out by ascribing everything to the will of Moslem Allah, or by asking forgiveness at a Christian confession. 

 

 

 History 3 The Messianic era.

 

   The Greek Empire covered an enormous area in the Middle East from Greece through Turkey to Egypt. The Eastern Greek Empire after Alexander the Great was controlled by Seleucid Greeks. The Seleucid Greeks from Syria began to dominate the Middle East founding Polis or cities everywhere. The Jewish people could not resist these influences. During Hellenization Greek ideas replaced many Jewish customs. The Greek leader Antiochus Epiphanes, by raising taxes provoked Judas the Maccabee to resist.  The Jewish revolt lasted from 166-164BCE and drove the Seleucids from Jerusalem. The celebration of Chanukah derives from this revolt. Those reform minded Jews who had supported the Greek ideas were crushed. The traditional Jews triumphed and the Torah and its study was institutionalised. Alexander Jannaeus (103-76 BCE) expanded the Jewish frontiers but provoked a civil war in which 50,000 Jews died. Alexander’s widow was Salome. Shortly after she died in 67BC, Judaea became a Roman client state under Herod  who was a Jew. He had ideas about what was good for the Jewish people even if this meant destroying religious institutions which held up progress. Herod went to Rome and returned as head of a large Roman army. He separated religion and state which was not universally popular. This brought prosperity to the Jewish people in Palestine. A third of the estimated eight million Jews were in Palestine. Herod’s good connections with Rome protected the Jews in the Diaspora. Herod built the city of Caesarea with an enormous statue of Caesar. He built an enormous Temple in Jerusalem and generally made the Jewish kingdom pre-eminent in the Roman Empire. He was extremely progressive and combined successful economic and social policies with unspeakable cruelty. He died in 4BCE. 

 

Israel was surrounded by much larger nations which conquered Israel and many other little states. Israel had tried to be independent but never could compete with the large armies of the invaders. In the short period that Herod had co-operated with the Romans, Israel had become relatively prosperous with growing numbers of Jews both in Israel and in the Diaspora. Everything was about to come to a horrible end as some of the Jewish leaders over-reached themselves and brought down the wrath of the Romans.  

 

 

The period from 165 BCE to 135 CE was dominated by the struggle of the Jewish people to restore the kingdom of Judah in the face of attempts, first by Antiochus Epiphanes, then by the Roman Caesars, to ban Judaism altogether. Judah the Maccabee and the Hasmoneans did in fact succeed in driving out the Seleucids and establishing a Jewish kingdom which, under the rule of Alexander Jannaeus, controlled a large part of the territory which had constituted the kingdom of Judah in the time of David and Solomon. Their success in turn inspired a number of Messianic movements directed against Roman rule, culminating in the acclamation of Simon bar Kochba as the "king Messiah" by Rabbi Akiva around 132 CE. The struggle for the restoration of the kingdom of Judah, accompanied by the growth of a large Jewish Diaspora in the Greek and Roman world, led to the rise of Judaism as a popular movement throughout the eastern Mediterranean region. The Roman response was a policy of mass murder, resulting in the death of at least 2 million Jews in the land of Israel and another 1 million in the Diaspora. One consequence of this series of events was the emergence of a new mystery religion in the Greco-Roman world centered around the worship and pseudo-cannibal consumption of the alleged Messiah of the Jews. Another consequence was the decline and fall of the priestly Judaism that had been centered around the Temple and its replacement by a rabbinical Judaism based on the cult of the Torah. Rabbinical Judaism preserved the concept of the Messiah, but in a supernatural form centered around a belief in the "end of days", resurrection of the dead and establishment of the "kingdom of God" on earth. 

 

STORY -  Up to the Messianic era 165 BCE to 135 CE 

 

Shlomo was very proud of the Israel family.

“Dad. How many generations of Shlomo Israels do you think there are?”

“Shlomo. I don’t know. Many, many, many – maybe sixty or seventy.”

“Dad – we are very lucky. I know a lot of your family lost their lives fighting against Greeks and Romans recently.  How did that happen?”

“Well Shlomo, the Greeks came and tried to make us behave just like they did. A lot of our friends and family thought they had good ideas and they changed their ways from traditional Jewish to Greek customs.”

“Nu.”

“When the Greeks raised taxes there was a revolt by Judas Maccabeus and we lost a lot of people – your cousins and their families included.”

“Then what happened?

“The Romans came and installed Herod who was a Jew as their commander.  Times were good but there were a lot of people who thought they could restore the Kingdom of Judea. They couldn’t match it with the force of the Romans. We lost.  ”

“That’s what I said. Our little family is lucky to be alive.”

“ You can’t imagine how lucky. The Roman response was a policy of mass murder, resulting in the death of at least 2 million Jews in the land of Israel and another 1 million in the Diaspora. One consequence of this series of events was the emergence of a new mystery religion in the Greco-Roman world centered around the worship and pseudo-cannibal consumption of the alleged Messiah of the Jews.”

“You mean Jesus?”

“None other – he was born a Jew but he wasn’t the Messiah.”

“Do you mean he was Jewish and he didn’t start Christianity?”

“His disciples were also Jewish but they created a lot of myths about him and created Christianity.”

“Oh.This is going to be an interesting story.”

 

David Ricardo 1772-1823 

The brilliant British economist David Ricardo, born into a Sephardic Jewish family, was one the most important figures in the development of economic theory. He articulated and rigorously formulated the "Classical" system of political economy. The legacy of Ricardo dominated economic thinking throughout the 19th Century. Egged on by his good friend James Mill, Ricardo got himself elected into the British parliament in 1819 as an independent representing a borough in Ireland. He wrote a pair of tracts (1810, 1811) outlining what has since become known as the "classical approach" to the theory of money.

In 1815,  Ricardo published his groundbreaking Principles of Political Economy and Taxation.  There he introduced the differential theory of rent and the "law of diminishing returns" to land cultivation.   On foreign trade, Ricardo set forth his famous theory of comparative advantage.   Using his famous example of two nations (Portugal and England) and two commodities (wine and cloth), Ricardo argued that trade would be beneficial even if Portugal held an absolute cost advantage over England in both commodities.  With his 1817 treatise, Ricardo took economics to an unprecedented degree of theoretical sophistication.  He formalized the Classical system more clearly and consistently than anyone before had done.  

 

 Ernestine Rose 

 Ernestine Susmond was born in  1810 a rabbi's daughter in Poland. She studied Hebrew scriptures and Talmud with her father but soon got into trouble for questioning the texts. Her father arranged a marriage for her at 16 but she rejected the suitor and went to Berlin. 

Her goal for herself and for society was intellectual freedom, freedom from the constraints of religious creeds and dogma, while disavowing Judaism as irrational, The following year Ernestine Susmond traveled around Europe in search of colleagues who cared as much as she did about justice and equality. then arrived in England in 1830. There she became a follower of Robert Owen, a wealthy industrialist turned social reformer who preached a form of community-based socialism. Now married, Ernestine Rose arrived in New York in May of 1836 and was one of the first women to speak publicly in America on women's rights, and the first to petition for women' s rights. For the next thirty years, Ernestine Rose was an active campaigner on the lecture circuit . She was hailed as "The Queen of the Platform," for being the best female orator of mid-nineteenth century America. She was a freethinker and atheist in movements that often turned to the Bible for authority.

She and her husband left America in 1869 for retirement in England. In England, the Roses continued their commitment to the women's movement and the freethinker movement, but on a less active scale. She died in Brighton, England on August 4, 1892 and was buried next to her beloved William at Highgate Cemetery in London.

 

 

Folk sayings

 

A learned bastard stands higher than an ignorant high priest 

What good is beauty without luck

Beauty fades but a good name endures

A beggar does more for an alms giver than an alms giver does for a beggar

One coin in a bottle rattles; the bottle filled with coins makes no sound.

 


HOW TO SING THE SONGS
ADON OLAM WORDS
Adon Olam David Solid Gould & The Temple Rockers
ALL MEN ARE BROTHERS
ALLE BRUDER SONG
ALLE BRIDER SONG
AL KOL ELEH WORDS
AL KOL ELEH
BASHANA words
BASHANA SONG
BEI MIR BIST DU SHEYN
BEI MIR BIST DU SCHEYN SONG
BMBDS song
CHIRIBIM WORDS
CHIRIBIM Song
DAYENU WORDS
DAYENU SONG ENGLISH
DAYENU SONG
DONNA DONNA
DONNA DONNA SONG
HALLELUYA
HALELUJA KARAOKE
HATIKVA
HATIKVA SONG
HATIKVA SONG
DAYENU
HATIKVA WORDS
HATIKVA SONG 1
HAVA NAGILA WORDS
HAVA NAGILA SONG
HAVA NAGILA KARAOKE
HAVEINU SHALOM ALEICHEM
HEVENU SHALOM ALEICHEM WORDS
HEVENU SHALOM ALECHEM SONG
HINEH MA TOV WORDS
JERUSALEM THE GOLD WORDS
JERUSALEM THE GOLD KARAOKE IVRIT
JERUSALEM THE GOLD SONG
JERUSALEM THE GOLD JARAOKE
MAYIM MAYIM WORDS
MAYIM MAYIM DANCE
OIF'N PRIPITSCHOK song
OSE SHALOM
OSE SHALOM SONG
PAPI ROS'N
PAPIROS'N SONG
PARTISAN SONG 1
PARTISAN SONG
PARTISAN SONG MUSIC
RABBI ELIMELEKH
RABBI ELIMELEKH SONG
AS DER REBE SINGT
AS DER REBBE SINGT LEONARD COHEN
AS DER REBBE SINGT SONG
RAISINS WITH ALMONDS WORDS
SIMANTOV U MAZELTOV WORDS
SIMAN TOV MUSIC
MAZELTOV CLARINET
TUMBALALAIKA WORDS
TUMBALALAIKA MUSIC
TUMBALALAIKA MUSIC
TZENA TZENA
TZENA TZENA
TZENA TZENA 4
TZENA TZENA The Weavers
TZENA TZENA WORDS
ALLE BRIDER KLEZMATICS
ALLE BRIDER KLEZMATICS
HATIKVA STREISAND
HATIKVA STREISAND
BIM BAM SHABBAT SHALOM FOR KIDS
BIM BAM SHABBAT SHALOM FOR KIDS
YO EN ESTANDO - SEPHARDIC
ELIYAHU SEPHARDIC
SEPHARDIC SONG
SEPHARDIC SONG 3
Sholem Aleichem Susan Allen
Shalom Aleichem Susan Allen
OTHER VERSIONS OF SONGS
DUVID CROCKET WORDS
DUVID CROCKET MICKEY KATZ
MODERN PASSOVER SONGS
This will help you find yourself]